HALYDEN - The Federal Executive Commission and the Constitutional Commission unanimously ratified the Constitution of the Daikoku Federation during the Constitutional Convention held in Halyden, Principality of Treisia at 23:10.
The Federal Executive Commission also issued a decree on the ratification of the constitution on the same time.
The constitution took effect on the following day at 12:00.
The members of the Federal Executive Commission, President Migs Caldeo of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia and Grand Prince Karlos Luis Mozo Anioay of the Principality of Treisia, took the office of the Presidency.
The Preisdency is yet to appoint a Premier and to set a date for elections for the Federal Assembly.
The whole text of the constitution is available below.
CONSTITUTION OF THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
Ratified by the Federal Executive Commission
and the Constitutional Commission
on May 25, 2013
We, the people of the Daikoku Federation,
united by the common interests of the states of this federation,
establishing a rule of law where the interests of the federation and of the people are secured,
affirming to the provisions of the Treaty on the Establishment of the Daikoku Federation adopted on April 13, 2013,
preserving the ideals of this federation and of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia and the Principality of Treisia,
determined to ensure a bright future for the federation,
conscious of our responsibility to the world,
recognizing our independence and sovereignty,
do proclaim our nation's goals, ideals and principles in this Constitution in the wording that we have approved.
CHAPTER I. THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
ARTICLE 1. The Daikoku Federation is a democratic, sovereign and independent federal state. It shall also be known as Daikoku in its short form. ARTICLE 2. The Daikoku Federation is under the rule of law which recognizes and secures human liberties and rights, and promotes the welfare and development of its citizens, sustainable development and self-determination of its constituent states.
ARTICLE 3. The sovereignty of the Daikoku Federation is vested in the Daikoku people, who exercise it through the institutions established by this constitution and through elections and referendums. Seizure or usurping of power is prohibited.
ARTICLE 4. The political system of the Daikoku Federation is that of a parliamentary federation.
ARTICLE 5. The Daikoku Federation consists of two constituent states of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia and the Principality of Treisia and they are sovereign to the extent that their sovereignty is not limited by the constitution.
ARTICLE 6. The national flag of the Daikoku Federation is a horizontal tricolor with the colors yellow, green and red.
ARTICLE 7. The national emblem of the Daikoku Federation consists of an eagle, with a shield containing the colors of the national flag, a mural crown, a hammer and a sickle, bordered by a ring of rye bonded by ribbons with the colors of the national flag.
ARTICLE 8. The national anthem of the Daikoku Federation is the “Song of Great Daikoku”.
ARTICLE 9. The official motto of the Daikoku Federation is Progress, Unity, Struggle.
ARTICLE 10. The capital city of the Daikoku Federation is Seidaikei.
ARTICLE 11. The official languages of the Daikoku Federation are English and Filipino.
ARTICLE 12. The Daikoku Federation is a secular state, and no religion shall be made as a state-sponsored or mandatory religion. There shall be a division between state and religion, and all religious associations shall be equal. ARTICLE 13. Ideological plurality is observed in the Daikoku Federation, and no ideology shall be made as a state-sponsored or mandatory ideology. ARTICLE 14. Political plurality and multi-party system is observed in the Daikoku Federation, and all public associations shall be equal. Public associations which undermine the security of the Daikoku Federation are prohibited.
ARTICLE 15. The constitution is the supreme law of the Daikoku Federation, and it binds all institutions and individuals.
ARTICLE 16. The executive power is exercised by the Presidency and the Government.
ARTICLE 17. The legislative power is exercised by the Federal Assembly. ARTICLE 18. The judicial power is exercised by the Federal Court.
ARTICLE 19. The Daikoku Federation guarantees the division of executive, legislative and judicial powers.
ARTICLE 20. All laws shall be published, and unpublished laws shall have no effect. No regulatory law affecting the rights, liberties or duties of the human being and citizen may apply unless it has been published officially for general knowledge.
ARTICLE 21. The universally recognized principles of international public law are incorporated into the legal system of the Daikoku Federation.
ARTICLE 22. Treaties and international agreements take effect in the legal system from the moment of their publication in the media operated by the Daikoku Federation and cannot be amended or repealed by law.
CHAPTER II. THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE CITIZEN OF THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
ARTICLE 23. All citizens of the Daikoku Federation are equal and shall have no privileges.
ARTICLE 24. The acquisition of Daikoku citizenship may occur if he is a citizen of a constituent state of the Daikoku Federation or through naturalization.
ARTICLE 25. The termination of Daikoku citizenship may occur if he is a citizen of a constituent state of the Daikoku Federation which decided to secede, if he intentionally acquired citizenship of another foreign nation, or by committing a traitorous act against the Daikoku Federation.
ARTICLE 26. All Daikoku citizens have the right to physical and moral integrity, and no one shall be subjected to torture or to any cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment. All forms of capital and corporal punishment are prohibited.
ARTICLE 27. All Daikoku citizens have the right to liberty and security and shall only be deprived of them on the grounds of the constitution and of the law. No one shall be held criminally or administratively liable on account of any acts or omissions unless proven or if it were lawful at the time when they were committed.
ARTICLE 28. All Daikoku citizens have the right to due trial, to counsel and the technical assistance of a competent lawyer, to trial within a reasonable time, to the presumption of innocence, to be informed of the charges against them, not to declare themselves guilty, not to testify against themselves and to appeal in criminal causes.
ARTICLE 29. All Daikoku citizens have the freedom of ideas, religion or beliefs, no one is bound to state or disclose his or her ideology, religion or beliefs. This freedom is only subject to limitation if it is prescribed by law, or if it undermines state security and the freedom of others.
ARTICLE 30. All Daikoku citizens have the freedom of expression, of communication and of information. The law shall regulate on the right of reply, criticism and confidentiality. All means of ideological control are prohibited.
ARTICLE 31. All Daikoku citizens of full age, regardless of any discriminatory factor, have the right to marry and create a family. The state also ensures the right to the protection of the family. Both spouses have equal rights and duties, and all children are equal, regardless of parentage.
ARTICLE 32. All Daikoku citizens have the right to privacy, and everyone has the right to be protected by law against illegal interference of one's family or private life.
ARTICLE 33. All Daikoku citizens have the right to residence and the illegal entry into one's residence without the permission of the owner or without warrant, except in the case of in flagrante delicto. Everyone shall also have the right to privacy of correspondence, unless if it is needed to resolve criminal cases.
ARTICLE 34. All Daikoku citizens have the right to meet and assemble for any lawful purpose, provided that they notify the authorities in advance, and it does not interrupt any public functions.
ARTICLE 35. All Daikoku citizens have the right to associate for any lawful purposes, provided that the association is registered to the government.
ARTICLE 36. All Daikoku citizens have the right to education, and the freedom to create educational facilities.
ARTICLE 37. All Daikoku citizens have the right to free travel within and outside of the country.
ARTICLE 38. All Daikoku citizens have the right to petition their direct interest to public authorities.
ARTICLE 39. Foreigners enjoy all public and private rights in the Daikoku Federation that are formally reserved to citizens.
ARTICLE 40. All Daikoku citizens of the age of 13 and above, in full use of their rights, have the right to suffrage.
ARTICLE 41. All Daikoku citizens, who have the right to suffrage, have the right to be elected or to be appointed to a government position.
ARTICLE 42. All Daikoku citizens have the right to form political parties, provided that its functioning and activities are lawful. The suspension of political parties is the responsibility of the judiciary.
ARTICLE 43. All Daikoku citizens have the right to private property and inheritance, and no one shall be deprived of this right, unless upon lawful consideration of public interests, with just compensation.
ARTICLE 44. All Daikoku citizens have the right to enterprise in accordance to the market system, to the constitution and to the law.
ARTICLE 45. All Daikoku citizens have the right to work, to just income, to promotion in their work, to limited working days, and to rest and paid vacation.
ARTICLE 46. All Daikoku citizens have the right to health protection in their work.
ARTICLE 47. The Daikoku Federation have the task of ensuring the rational use of land and natural resources of the country in economic activities, to guarantee the preservation of the environment for future generations.
ARTICLE 48. The Daikoku Federation may intervene in the ordering of economic, commercial, labor and financial system in order to create an environment fit for sustainable development of the country.
ARTICLE 49. The Daikoku Federation guarantees the preservation and development of historical and cultural heritage of the country.
ARTICLE 50. The rights of consumers and users in the Daikoku Federation are guaranteed by law.
ARTICLE 51. The Daikoku Federation shall create a media for social communication, in accordance to participation and pluralism.
ARTICLE 52. All Daikoku citizens are required to abide to the constitution and show their loyalty to the country.
ARTICLE 53. The Daikoku Federation may create laws which create types of duties or services to the state.
ARTICLE 54. The Daikoku Federation guarantees the rights and freedoms of its citizens through executive decisions, legislations or judicial decisions.
ARTICLE 55. During a state of emergency, rights and freedoms may be suspended and the articles of Chapter II that may be subject to suspension is determined by the Presidency.
CHAPTER III. THE PRESIDENCY OF THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
ARTICLE 56. The Presidents are the heads of state of the Daikoku Federation.
ARTICLE 57. The Presidents shall be the the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia and the Grand Prince of the Principality of Treisia.
ARTICLE 58. The powers of the Presidents are equal and derive from the constitution.
ARTICLE 59. The Presidents shall represent the Daikoku Federation in its relations with foreign nations.
ARTICLE 60. The Presidents are the guarantors of the constitution and they moderate the activities of the government.
ARTICLE 61. The Presidents are immune from legal action, and their acts are the responsibility of the Premier.
ARTICLE 62. The Presidents have the following rights and duties:
1. Appoint the Premier, with the consent of the Federal Assembly,
2. Appoint and dismiss the members of the Government of the Daikoku Federation, with the consent of the Premier,
3. Appoint and dismiss the command of the Federal Defense Forces of the Daikoku Federation,
4. Announce general elections in accordance to the constitution,
5. Dissolve the Federal Assembly in accordance to the constitution,
6. Announce referendums in accordance to the constitution,
7. Submit bills to the Federal Assembly,
8. Submit and make public the laws,
9. Address the Federal Assembly on the situation of the Daikoku Federation,
10. Concludes and abrogates treaties of the Daikoku Federation,
11. Introduce state of emergency in the Daikoku Federation in accordance to the constitution,
12. Solve issues of citizenship and grant asylum to foreigners,
13. Awarding of decorations and honors of the Daikoku Federation,
14. Decide on pardoning,
15. Suspend acts of the government which are in contrast to the constitution, or to the international obligations of the Daikoku Federation;
16. And, issue decrees and orders in accordance to the constitution.
ARTICLE 63. The Premier countersigns the decrees of the Presidency.
ARTICLE 64. The Presidents also serves as the Supreme Command of the Federal Defense Forces of the Daikoku Federation.
ARTICLE 65. The seat of the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia in the Presidency shall be filled through democratic general elections held in that constituent state.
ARTICLE 66. The seat of the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia in the Presidency shall be declared vacant on the resignation, impeachment or death of its office holder.
ARTICLE 67. The law shall determine the provisions on the filling and vacancy of the seat of the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia.
ARTICLE 68. The seat of the Grand Prince of the Principality of Treisia in the Presidency shall be filled through succession by order of primogeniture with priority being given to both male and female.
ARTICLE 69. The seat of the Grand Prince of the Principality of Treisia in the Presidency shall be declared vacant on the death or abdication of the Grand Prince.
ARTICLE 70. The law shall determine the provisions on the succession on the throne of the Principality of Treisia.
ARTICLE 71. During the vacancy of any seat in the Presidency, the Premier shall be made as the Acting President and he shall take the vacant seat/s in the Presidency until the constituent states are able to fill the vacancy.
CHAPTER IV. THE GOVERNMENT OF THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
ARTICLE 73. The Government of the Daikoku Federation is composed of the Premier and the Ministers, its number determined by law.
ARTICLE 74. The Government is under the supervision of the Premier, and it conducts the national policy of the Daikoku Federation, as well as state administration.
ARTICLE 75. State administration shall serve the interests of the Daikoku people in accordance with the principles of hierarchy, efficiency, transparency and full submission to the constitution, laws and legal system.
ARTICLE 76. The Premier is appointed by the Presidents on the first session of the Federal Assembly after elections, with the approval of the Federal Assembly. The Premier then appoints the Government with the consent of the Presidency.
ARTICLE 77. The Premier and the Ministers are not subject to arrest or detention during their tenure, unless in the case of in flagrante delicto.
ARTICLE 78. The Premier countersigns the decrees of the Presidents as stated in Article 63.
ARTICLE 79. The Premier, with the approval of the Federal Assembly, may request the Presidents for a referendum.
ARTICLE 80. The Government ceases with the dissolution of the Federal Assembly, with the resignation or death of the Premier, or with the vote of no confidence by the Federal Assembly. The Government shall continue to function until the formation of a new Government.
CHAPTER V. THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
ARTICLE 81. The Federal Assembly is the highest representative and legislative body of the Daikoku Federation.
ARTICLE 82. The Federal Assembly shall consist of one chamber and the number of deputies shall be determined by law.
ARTICLE 83. The deputies to the Federal Assembly are elected through free elections for a one-year term. Elections are scheduled within ten days after the dissolution of the Federal Assembly. All Daikoku citizens with the right to vote is eligible to vote and run for the Federal Assembly. The law shall regulate the electoral system and shall determine incompatible candidates.
ARTICLE 84. The Federal Assembly consists of one chamber and a number of deputies determined by law.
ARTICLE 85. The deputies of the Federal Assembly have equal power of representation, and are equal in terms of rights and duties. Their vote is personal and may not be delegated.
ARTICLE 86. The deputies to the Federal Assembly shall not be accountable for their votes and actions during their mandate.
ARTICLE 87. The deputies to the Federal Assembly are not subject to arrest or detention, unless in the case of in flagrante delicto or in the case of the Federal Assembly approving the removal of this right.
ARTICLE 88. The Federal Assembly shall convene for its first session seven days after the election. The first session is to be opened by the Presidents and shall elect the Premier.
ARTICLE 89. The Federal Assembly meets in two annual ordinary meetings, with the first session starting on the first working day of July and the second session starting on the first working day of November. Each session shall last for not more than three months, with the Premier calling for its closure.
ARTICLE 90. An extraordinary session of the Federal Assembly may be convened on the decree of the Presidents, or by the majority of the Federal Assembly.
ARTICLE 91. The meetings of the Federal Assembly are public, unless the Federal Assembly approves its privacy. The events of the meeting shall be published in state media.
ARTICLE 92. The process of lawmaking is as follows:
1. The bill is submitted to the Federal Assembly for review.
2. The Federal Assembly, on the order of the Prime Minister, votes for the approval of the bill.
3. If the bill is approved, it shall be sent to the Presidents to be signed.
4. If the law is not signed by the Presidents in seven days, it is returned to the Federal Assembly for reconsideration.
5. If the law is approved on the second voting without changes to its original wording by the Federal Assembly, it is to be signed by the Presidents.
ARTICLE 93. The Federal Assembly may be dissolved when:
1. it expresses no confidence in the Government,
2. the Presidency issues a decree on its dissolution after consulting the Premier,
3. or, a new Federal Assembly is elected.
ARTICLE 94. The Federal Assembly may not be dissolved within one month after the elections.
ARTICLE 95. If a deputy dies in office, becomes incapacitated or resigns from the Federal Assembly, special elections are to be scheduled within 10 days.
CHAPTER VI. THE FEDERATIVE SYSTEM OF THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
ARTICLE 96. The Daikoku Federation is an integral and multinational state formed on the principle of federalism as a result of the free self-determination of nations and the voluntary association of equal constituent states. It embodies the state unity of the Daikoku people and draws all its nations and nationalities together for the purpose of joint state building.
ARTICLE 97. The Daikoku Federation unites:
1. The Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia,
2. And, the Principality of Treisia.
ARTICLE 98. The decision of admission, secession and status of constituent states is determined by law.
ARTICLE 99. The laws of the Daikoku Federation shall have the same force in all constituent states. In the event of a discrepancy between a constituent state law and a Daikoku Federation law, the law of the Daikoku Federation prevails.
ARTICLE 100. The territory of the Daikoku Federation is a single entity and comprises the territory of its constituent states. The sovereignty of the Daikoku Federation extends throughout its territory. The Federal Defense Force shall be tasked to counter all acts of aggression against the territory of the Daikoku Federation.
ARTICLE 101. The Daikoku Federation requires the constituent states to avoid any actions that would be in defiance to the constitution and restricts the exercise of the power of the federation in the constituent states.
ARTICLE 102. A constituent state of the Daikoku Federation is a sovereign state that has united with other constituent states in the Daikoku Federation. It exercises independent authority on its territory, has its own government, ensures economic and social development, facilitates exercise of powers of the federation, and implements the laws of the federation in accordance to the constitution. Its sovereignty is guaranteed by the Daikoku Federation
ARTICLE 103. The decision of altering the borders of the constituent states is determined by law.
ARTICLE 104. A federal state is a state which is separate from other constituent states and is directly administered by the Daikoku Federation. The status of federal state is attained if the state holds an important value to the federation.
ARTICLE 105. The state with the status of federal state is Seidaikei.
CHAPTER VII. THE FEDERAL COURT OF THE DAIKOKU FEDERATION
ARTICLE 106. The Federal Court is vested with judicial powers.
ARTICLE 107. The Presidents appoints and dismisses the Supreme Judge and Deputy Judges, the members of the Federal Court, with the countersignature of the Premier.
ARTICLE 108. The Federal Court is the only body that would render justice, and no other courts or tribunals are to be created or be recognized.
ARTICLE 109. The independence of the Federal Court in its actions is guaranteed.
ARTICLE 110. The Supreme Judge and Deputy Judges are not subject to arrest or detention, unless in the case of in flagrante delicto or with the approval of the Presidents with the countersignature of the Premier.
ARTICLE 111. The Supreme Judge has the following duties and powers:
1. Administer justice through trial,
2. Ensure equality of both parties in the trial,
3. Ensure complete and independent administration of justice,
4. And, review and define the constitution and laws of the Daikoku Federation.
ARTICLE 112. The Deputy Judges shall assist the Supreme Judge in his work. ARTICLE 113. The Federal Court shall render justice in the most effective and efficient way possible.
ARTICLE 114. The Federal Court may seek the help of international judicial bodies if the severity of the crime cannot be handled by the Court.
CHAPTER VIII. REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 115. The constitution may not be entirely suspended, although the Presidents may decree the suspension of articles in Chapter II in the event of a state of emergency.
ARTICLE 116. Any revision to the constitution is introduced to the Federal Assembly for review.
ARTICLE 117. The revision to the constitution shall be approved through majority vote of the Federal Assembly.
ARTICLE 118. The amendment to the constitution must conform with the basic principles of the Daikoku Federation in Chapter I.
ARTICLE 119. Chapter I of the constitution may not be amended, except for Articles 1 and 6 to 11.
ARTICLE 120. The constitution is to be abrogated once a new constitution has been ratified.
CHAPTER IX. FINAL PROVISIONS
ARTICLE 121. The constitutions, laws and decisions of the government of the Democratic People's Republic of Urbonia and the Principality of Treisia are repealed. Existing international treaties or agreements shall not be renewed without the decision of the Presidency.
ARTICLE 122. The present constitution enters into force after its official publication after ratification by the Federal Executive Commission and the Constitutional Commission.
ARTICLE 123. Elections for the Federal Assembly shall be held within 60 days after the ratification of the constitution on a date set by the Presidency. ARTICLE 124. The Federal Executive Commission shall exercise its powers as the Presidency on the date the constitution enters into effect.
ARTICLE 125. Decisions made by the Federal Executive Commission and the Presidency made before the day of the first session of the Federal Assembly shall be automatically be made into law.
ARTICLE 126. The Presidency shall exercise legislative powers until the first session of the Federal Assembly.
ARTICLE 127. The President of the Democratic People’s Republic of Urbonia, who was elected according to the provisions of the Second Constitution of the People’s State of San Andreas, shall continue to exercise his powers set by this constitution until the end of his tenure.
ARTICLE 128. The Presidency shall appoint a Premier within 10 days after the constitution enters into effect.
ARTICLE 129. The Premier shall form a Government with the consent of the Presidency.
ARTICLE 130. The tenure of the Government ends when a new Premier has been appointed.
The Constitution of the Daikoku Federation was adopted by the Constitutional Commission in Halyden, Principality of Treisia on May 25, 2013 at 23:10.
Ratified by the Federal Executive Commission in Halyden, Principality of Treisia on May 25, 2013 at 23:10.
MEMBERS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION
WHICH DRAFTED THE CONSTITUTION OF THE
Karlos Luis Mozo ANIOAY
Patrick Xavier SILERIO
ON THE RATIFICATION OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE
ARTICLE 1. The Federal Executive Commission unanimously ratifies the Constitution of the Daikoku Federation in accordance to its unanimous adoption by the Constitutional Commission and to the unanimous will of the Daikoku people.
ARTICLE 2. The approved wording of the Constitution of the Daikoku Federation is to be published on state media.
ARTICLE 3. The provisions of Chapter IX of the Constitution of the Daikoku Federation is to be carried out immediately.
Signed May 25, 2013,